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The Dooars or Duars are the alluvial floodplains in northeastern India that lie south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas and north of the Brahmaputra River basin. This region is about 30 km (19 mi) wide and stretches over about 350 km (220 mi) from the Teesta River in West Bengal to the Dhanshiri River in Assam. The region forms the gateway to Bhutan. It is part of the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion.
Dooars means 'doors' in Assamese, Bengali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Magahi and Telugu languages.There are 18 passages or gateways between the hills in Bhutan and the plains in India This region is divided by the Sankosh River into Eastern and Western Dooars, consisting of an area of 880 km2 (340 sq mi). The Western Dooars are also known as the Bengal Dooars, and the Eastern Dooars also as the Assam Dooars. Dooars is analogous with the Terai in northern India and southern Nepal.
The beauty of the region lies not only in its tea gardens but also in the dense jungles that make up the countryside. Many wildlife sanctuaries and national park like Manas National Park in Assam, Jaldapara National Park, Buxa National Park, Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Reserve and the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal are located in this region.
A number of rare endangered species of animals like tiger, rhinoceros and elephant make their habitat in the forests of the Dooars. Other animals includes different types of deer, bison, birds and reptiles. A railway line runs through the tea gardens and the various protected areas and a number of elephants have been killed in collisions with trains.
Throughout the year Dooars is known for having a pleasant weather throughout the year. Some visitors prefer visiting the town during the festive season, as the enthusiasm, excitement and unity of the town are worth seeing then. During November and December, exclusive tourism festival called Teesta Tea and Tourism fest are celebrated, it is a great time to visit the city as these festivals are real fun to be a part of, there are multiple activities, water sports, cultural events happening. During this time, the West Bengal government, in collaboration with the Indian Railway, run special trains connecting Dooars to Cooch Behar and Siliguri.
In Dooars, the temperature starts rising from March onwards and the summer season lasts until June. The temperature ranges between 21 to 31 degrees Celcius. Dooars does not witness extreme summers. The weather is not so harsh. However, this season is not considered as the best time to visit by tourists.
July marks the beginning of monsoon season which lasts till September. Dooars witnesses average rainfall. Also, in this season most of the sanctuaries remain closed. This is also the breeding season for animals. However, to avoid the crowd and to view lush green forests, these months are the best. The greenery and incessant rain make it the most romantic season to visit. Resorts also offer off-season discounts.
Mercury starts dipping from October and winters hit Dooars. This is considered to be the best time to visit the place since rainfall becomes rare and weather remains pleasantly cool. Sometimes, it may come down to ten degrees Celcius. During this time you can enjoy safaris and visiting sanctuaries.